Types of burns primarily cause damage and destruction of the skin, and as we know, the skin is the body’s first natural barrier against physical injuries and pathogens, and its damage has serious consequences for the injured person. With the loss of this protective layer, the body loses water quickly. The resulting damage can threaten organs such as the kidneys. Also, after the burn and the destruction of different layers of the skin, conditions are provided for the growth and proliferation of infectious agents at the burn site, which requires special care. For this reason, the treatment of burns is also very sensitive and important. At the same time, in higher degrees of burns, our problem is not only the burn itself, but also issues such as pain, shock, vascular bleeding, beauty, and many other issues.

Burns can damage the skin and can therefore be very painful. Doctors classify different types of burns into three categories based on their severity as follows:

First degree: Defined as mild burns compared to other burns. This type of burn causes pain and redness of the outer surface of the skin (epidermis).

Second degree burn: Affects the outer surface of the skin and the underlying layer. This type of burn causes pain, redness, swelling, and blisters on the skin.

Third degree burn: passes from the middle layer of the skin and affects deeper tissues. This type of burn causes the skin to turn white or black, charred, and sometimes numb.

Treatment of Burns

The method of treatment of superficial and severe burns depends on its type. First – degree burns may be treated by pouring cold water over the burn and using painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen. Second – degree burns can be treated with antibiotic creams or other creams and ointments prescribed by a doctor.

Treatment of a third-degree burn may require a skin graft or the use of artificial skin. Severe burns that affect large parts of the body may require more advanced treatments, such as injecting antibiotics into a vein to prevent infection or serum to replace water lost during a burn.

Pain from superficial and severe burns can be one of the most severe and long – lasting types of pain. Burn pain is difficult to control because it has unique characteristics and variable patterns. In addition, the treatment of superficial and severe burns is painful. Because in this case, the wound site must be cleaned and its cover changed regularly.

Treatment of grade 1 and 2 burns
Cooling: Hold the burn under a cold tap for 10 to 15 minutes to reduce the pain. If this is difficult for you, you can place the burn in a bowl of cold water. Cooling the burn area removes heat from the skin and reduces skin inflammation. Of course, you should avoid putting ice on the burned area.

Cover the skin burn site with a sterile pad
Cover the burn with sterile gauze. Avoid fluffy or fluffy fabrics or fabrics that may have fibers detached from the wound and stick to the inside of the wound. Do not tighten the sterile gauze and do not squeeze the burn.

Home Remedies

Remember that you can use home remedies only for superficial burns or scar burns. For second or third degree burn, you should go to medical centers.

Aloe vera is often known as a burn treatment plant. Studies on this plant have shown that aloe vera is effective in healing first to second degree burns. Aloe is anti-inflammatory and strengthens blood circulation. It is also interesting to know that this miraculous plant also prevents the growth of bacteria.

Always have some vitamin E oil tablets at home to treat superficial burns. This vitamin works like a miracle for the skin.

One of the things you need to do when your skin burns are to quickly return the skin to its normal pH. Of all the foods and home remedies, milk has the closest PH to the skin. You can either spray the milk on the affected area or apply ice milk on it with a soft cloth. Another property of milk for damaged skin is that this food contains very useful proteins. As a result, it causes skin cells to regenerate faster than normal.

You can use banana peel to treat burns and skin damage. Banana peel is rich in very powerful antioxidants. These antioxidants help skin cells to regenerate faster. On the other hand, keep in mind you should not remove that banana peel from the affected area until it is completely black; Because this causes a significant reduction in inflammation and pain caused by burns.

Potatoes have cooling properties and cause burning and inflammation to be significantly reduced. On the other hand, this food contains starchy compounds; This will make the skin damage heal faster

By roya

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