cystocele

What is cystocele (bladder prolapse )? The bladder is a bag-like organ whose function is to store urine. The bladder is held in place by the supporting muscles.The strength of these muscles may decrease for various reasons. As the muscles relax, the bladder can move from its place and cause problems for the patient.
Urinary incontinence or leakage of urine during sneezing and coughing due to a cystocele is one of the common problems among women. This problem can affect daily activities in women.

Although prevention of prolapsed bladder or cystocele like other diseases is easier than treatment. But if you are suffering from this condition, do not delay your treatment.

Stay with us to learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatment methods of this disease.

Signs and symptoms of cystocele

Cystocele has different degrees.

Depending on the stage of the disease, the patient may experience different symptoms. For example, in mild cases, the patient may not notice any symptoms. But in more severe cases, the feeling of pressure in the vagina or bladder is one of the first symptoms that a person with prolapsed bladder feels. Unfortunately, many people ignore these symptoms and delay going to the doctor. Other symptoms of bladder prolapse include the following:

1- Pain in the pelvis and lower abdomen when sitting

2- Difficulty controlling urine when sneezing or coughing

3- The feeling of fullness of the bladder right after urination

4- Difficulty in emptying urine completely

Causes of cystocele

Bladder prolapse is caused by factors that weaken the pelvic floor muscles. Here are some common reasons:

1- Difficult pregnancy and normal vaginally delivery: vaginal tissue and muscles endure a lot of pressure during childbirth. Therefore, ،we can say that normal vaginal delivery can increase the risk of cystocele.

2- Aging : With age, the tissues and muscles of the vagina become weak and will not be able to keep the bladder in place.

3- Menopause: After menopause, estrogen hormone is not secreted in women’s body. Estrogen is very effective in maintaining the health of the protective tissues of the vagina. The decrease of this hormone is one of the common causes of bladder prolapse.

4- The type of genetic tissue of the patient: in some cases, the cause of uterine prolapse may be due to hereditary or genetic disease.

5- Doing heavy work: lifting things or heavy weight repeatedly.
But lifting heavy objects only once will not cause prolapsed bladder.
Jumping from a height or doing hard sports continuously are other effective factors in bladder prolapse.

Diagnosis methods

To diagnose the disease, your doctor can find out by pelvic examinations or check the symptoms and medical records of the patient. Also, performing cystography, urodynamic test and cystoscopy are other methods that the doctor can use to determine the severity of the disease.

Treatment of cystocele

Treatment of urinary bladder prolapse can be different according to the age and stage of the disease. In addition, the doctor should also consider the general health condition and whether the patient wants to get pregnant in the future or not.

In milder cases, medicine or huron therapy is used to relieve bladder prolapse.

For the treatment of women who do not want to become pregnant in the future, the treatment method for raising the bladder is to use the patient’s tissue. Although the success rate in this method is fifty percent.

If the problem is stress incontinence, such that the patient experiences urinary incontinence after sneezing and coughing, this situation does not respond to drug treatment and requires surgical intervention.

In some cases, collagen injection may be effective at the doctor’s prescription.

Prevention Methods


Kegel exercises are one of the best exercises to strengthen the reproductive and urinary system. Continuously performing Kegel exercises for just a few minutes along with healthy eating habits is very effective in increasing the body’s physical performance. To perform Kegel exercises, you can lie on the floor, sit or even stand. It is very important that the muscles of the hips and abdomen are relaxed. Therefore, be sure to empty your bladder before exercising. Then:

1 – For six seconds, pull in your pelvic floor and genital area muscles. Remember to never overexert your muscles. Breathe deeply during the exercise to increase blood flow in the body.

2 – Then relax your muscles for ten to 12 seconds before starting the next movement and give them a chance to rest.

3 – You can start this cycle with 10 repetitions a day and gradually increase it. To get the desired result, do stretching exercises after finishing Kegel exercises.

In fact cystocele is one of the common but curable diseases in women.

Some people do not take their symptoms seriously and go to the doctor late.

Early diagnosis and timely treatment often lead to complete recovery.

Try to do your annual checkups. And talk to your gynecologist about your symptoms or complaints.
Do not forget to do daily exercises and eat vegetables.

If you are overweight, try to reach the ideal weight by modifying your lifestyle.

If you also suffer from this disease, see a doctor for examination and treatment. Avoid taking medicine without a doctor’s prescription.

By roya

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