Dry skin is a common skin problem and occurs at all ages. This problem is not very serious, but sometimes it is difficult to treat. Dry skin may be related to other skin conditions or diseases such as diabetes, thyroid problems, Sjogren’s (SHOW – grins) syndrome, and malnutrition.
What are the symptoms of dry skin?
In this problem, the skin looks dry and dehydrated, scaly, irritated, and inflamed. If your skin is dry, you may experience roughness and sometimes pain and itching. Of course, in more severe cases, the skin becomes very red and itchy. As a result, deep cracks form on the skin that may bleed. All of these are signs of severe dryness. Therefore, if your skin is so dry, be sure to see a doctor before any procedure.
Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a common dry skin condition in children. In eczema, the lipid level in the outer layer of the skin decreases. As a result, severe water shortages occur.
The skin protects our body against external and environmental factors. Our skin has three layers. The underlying layer is the “hypodermis”. There are adipose tissue, blood vessels, and nerves in this layer.
The dermis is the name of the middle layer of the skin. This layer contains connective tissues and collagen fibers, elastin fibers, blood vessels, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and sweat glands. The upper layer is the “epidermis”. It is composed of keratinocytes
Lipid layers surround the surface cells of the skin. Lipid layers are made up of cholesterol, fatty acids, and ceramides. The outermost part of the epidermis hydrates the skin. Lipids prevent the evaporation of water stored in the skin.
Factors affecting skin softness
The softness of the skin tissue depends on the amount of water stored. Low humidity is probably one of the most common causes of dry skin. In dry skin, the skin’s water supply is significantly reduced. In addition, dry skin occurs when lipids are depleted and there is not enough water in the outer layer of the skin to function properly.
What causes dry skin?
Sometimes dryness has simple causes. In these cases, lipid depletion may be due to the use of strong soaps, wearing sensitive clothing, and prolonged, hot showers and baths. An important environmental factor for dry skin is very hot or cold weather with low humidity.
This problem can be caused by using a moisturizer at the wrong time. The right time to moisturize the skin is right after washing it (when it is not yet completely dry). Your skin has the most moisture when it is wet, and moisturizers work best when your skin is hydrated.
This problem often gets worse in the winter and has several factors:
In this season of the year, the temperature and humidity are low. Also, the use of heating devices dries the air and reduces the amount of water in the outer layer of the skin. Continuous exposure to the cooling system during the summer may have the same effect.
Some medications, such as diuretics or retinoids, temporarily dry the skin. In these cases, stopping the medication usually solves the problem of dry skin. Also, in old age, due to metabolic changes and less fluid intake, the skin becomes dry and thin and loses its elasticity.
Who are most at risk for dry skin?
- People over 40 old, that their skin produces less fat.
- People who have jobs that have to wash their hands a lot, such as nurses and hairdressers.
- Residents of areas with cold weather.
- People who smoke.
Treatment methods for dry skin
Although the hot shower is very relaxing. There is no discussion about this; But, remember that hot water is not suitable for treating dryness at all. When you take a shower with very hot water, the essential fats of your skin are lost, even it becomes drier.
Of course, you are not responsible for the air around you and how dry it is. However, you can make small changes to help return moisture to the air around you. If you are in a hot and dry environment for a long time, the lack of moisture in the air will affect your body.
So to treat your skin dryness, try turning on a portable incense burner while working. Have a vaporizer next to your bed to hydrate your skin while you sleep.
The best time to moisturize the skin is after bathing, washing, and wiping the face or hands, but before drying. This may seem strange to you. However, this small change can help keep water in the skin.
Usually, the best treatment for dry skin is to use the best facial moisturizer or emollients. However, your doctor may also prescribe a steroid cream or ointment if necessary. In cases where dryness is accompanied by severe itching and interferes with daily activities and sleep, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines.
Moisturizing cream containing natural such as olive oil is the best cream for dry face and hands. These creams have a better function in moisturizing the skin for a long time. Castor oil, lavender oil, and avocado oil are also good natural remedies for dryness. Of course, if you do not have pimples.