If you ask what is the most important part of a beautiful smile, surely everyone says healthy and beautiful teeth. But in addition to the health and beauty of the teeth, the health and shape of the gums are also extremely important. So the most beautiful teeth, if surrounded by diseased and infected gums, not only do not make a beautiful smile but also lose their appearance due to gingival infection or decay. And the owner of such teeth and gums will definitely not have a beautiful smile. Gingiva is a tissue that usually goes unnoticed until there is a problem such as bleeding or severe resorption. And this is the factor for the insidious and slow progression of gum disease.

Healthy gums

Healthy gums are pink in color. And they are firmly attached to the underlying bone. And they look like orange peel, ie they are grainy. On the other hand, healthy gums are free of swelling, redness, and bleeding and are completely smooth, and have a sharp edge at the point of contact with the teeth. Healthy pink gums In some people with a dark complexion, they may appear as brown spots. If there are other signs of healthy gums and only the color is brown, this gum is healthy.


We have two major diseases in the oral cavity. The first is tooth decay and the second is gum disease and the tissues that support teeth. The formation of microbial plaque on tooth surfaces causes both types of disease. Microbial plaque is a colorless layer that forms on hard surfaces around the mouth (such as teeth or veneers). Microbial plaque is not visible at the beginning of formation. it can be easily removed by brushing. But rinsing with just water or regular mouthwash does not clean it. Therefore, to clean it, you must use mechanical tools such as toothbrushes, toothpaste, and floss. If you
don’t remove plaque from the tooth surface daily or in the early stages, substances in the saliva, lead to plaque that is hard tissue.

Plaque is actually a foci of infection. plaque is not only pathogenic to the gums and tissues that support the teeth but also causes infections. Plaque also causes more plaque to accumulate due to its uneven surface. With the scaling operation, the number of these microbes in the mouth is much reduced. Contrary to many people’s beliefs, the plaque is not removed by brushing and the patient must go to the dentist to remove it. And dentist performs removing plaque for the patient with hand or machine tools. Scaling means removing plaque and plaque on the teeth above and below the gum line.

Does scaling hurt the teeth?

Scaling means removing plaque on the teeth above and below the gum line.

Does scaling hurt the teeth?

In fact, this is probably the most common question a dentist faces during his or her career. Of course, it must be said that this idea is completely wrong. Scaling is not harmful to the teeth in any way and does not damage the tooth or remove the enamel and is not able to hurt the tooth in any way. In fact, the power of these devices is less than it can remove tooth enamel.

How do we know if the gums have a problem?

Symptoms of gum disease that commonly lead to treatment can be one or a combination of the following:

Discoloration of the gums to redness
Bleeding gums when brushing or eating hard foods such as apples or carrots
Separation of the gums from the teeth
Bad breath and taste
Loose teeth
Moving the tooth from its original position
Food stuck and feeling of pressure between the teeth and its relaxation after using a toothpick or floss.

The important point is that in most cases there is no pain and this issue causes many patients to be indifferent. But by observing the early symptoms and treating it, you can prevent serious complications of tooth loss.

Gums Infection

If the infection and inflammation are limited to the gum tissue, it is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is the mildest type of gum disease that causes the gums to swell and redden easily. Poor oral hygiene usually causes inflammation and infection of the gums. And because the inflammation has not penetrated into the underlying tissues (bones and fibers that support the teeth), this problem can be treated with scaling and full oral hygiene, and its side effects are completely reversible.

Over time and without treatment for gingivitis, plaque spreads to the space under the gums. Toxins from plaque microbes, along with the body’s inflammatory reactions, destroy bone and tooth-supporting tissues. Finally, a gum infection can cause loosening and loss of teeth.

What should we do to maintain healthy gums?

Maintain a good oral hygiene routine
Use the right toothbrush
Use the right toothpaste
Quit Smoking
Regular flossing
Regular checkups by a dentist
Use mouthwash

By roya

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