The most important causes of knee pain
What is knee pain? This pain occurs for various reasons and is caused by various factors. Some of the most important causes of knee pain are:
Injury and trauma:
Injury or trauma to knee joint may occur due to a sports incident, accident, fall, or stress on knee. These injuries can include broken bones, scrapes, bruises, and also sprains.
Inflammation and infection:
Inflammation of knee joint can occur due to joint inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, patellar disease or bacterial infection in the joint. These conditions are usually accompanied by pain, swelling, redness and limited movement.
Inflammation and damage of soft tissues:
Damage to soft tissues such as ligaments, muscle tears, joint capsule seams and meniscus tears can be the cause of knee pain. These types of pain are usually accompanied by pressure, stiffness and pain in the affected area.
Loss of joint function:
Arthritis or other diseases of the knee joint may occur due to natural erosion of the tissues in the joint. This condition is usually accompanied by pain, joint stiffness, swelling and limited movement.
Factors such as weakness of the muscles around the knee, pregnancy, changes in the knee arch, body weight, tension and stress factors can cause pain . Prolonged standing or sitting, intense and repetitive sports and wrong movement of the body during movement can also cause this problem .
Symptoms of knee pain
The location and intensity of knee pain may vary depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that are sometimes associated with knee pain include:
Pain: Pain in the knee area can be severe or mild, continuous or sharp. This problem may be felt during movement, when weight is concentrated on the knee, or even at rest.
Swelling and stiffness: The knee may swell and lose its normal position. In some cases, the knee may be larger than normal and painful and stiff to the touch.
Restriction of movement: Knee pain may cause restriction of knee movement. You may not be able to fully bend or extend the knee (inability to fully straighten the knee), making everyday activities difficult.
Redness and warmth to the touch: In some cases, the knee may become red and warm in the painful area. This may be due to joint inflammation or infection.
Crackling or crushing sensation in the knee: In some cases, you can experience sounds like scratching, or popping in the knee joint. These sounds may indicate problems in joint tissues.
The most common knee diseases and problems
Knee arthritis: One of the most common knee problems is arthritis, which happens to people of different ages. To treat this problem, depending on its severity, different treatments are considered.
Ligament injury: This problem happens especially to athletes during sports. Ligament damage can cause instability in the knee muscles. This problem occurs in different types such as injury to the anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, medial lateral ligament and external lateral ligament.
Cartilage injury or meniscus tear:
This type of injury also occurs in people of different ages and is one of the most common causes of this problem.
Gout: One of the unusual reasons for knee pain is, but people who have gout may continue to face such problems, such as pain in this area.
Your doctor may first recommend X-rays, which can help diagnose bone fractures and degenerative joint disease.
Tomography scan (CT scan)
A CT scan can help diagnose bone problems and subtle fractures. A special type of CT scan can accurately identify knee pain caused by gout even when the joint is not inflamed.
This technology uses sound waves to produce real -time images of the soft tissue structures in and around your knee.
MRI uses radio waves and a powerful magnet to create three – dimensional images of the inside of the knee. This test is especially useful in detecting soft tissue injuries such as ligaments, tendons, cartilage and muscles.
Care Methods for knee pain
Use of medical shoes and insoles
One of the problems that cause knee pain is osteo – arthritis. This disease will cause a lot of pain by damaging the knee. By using proper insoles and medical shoes, you can greatly reduce knee pain and provide better conditions for your walking.
Treatment with exercise and training
Treatment options will vary depending on what exactly is causing your knee pain. Strengthening the muscles around your knee will make it more stable. Your doctor may recommend physical therapy or different types of strengthening exercises based on the specific condition that is causing your pain.
Also, massaging leg muscles with anti – spasmodic oils can greatly reduce joint damages.
For this, you can use bitter almond oil, which contains enough magnesium.
With increasing weight, the amount of pressure on the knee increases a lot. For this reason, people with knee pain can reduce their problem a great extent by keeping their weight constant or reducing it if they are obese or overweight. Losing weight by reducing the pressure on the knee will have a great effect on improving the patient’s condition and reducing its symptoms.