Multiple sclerosis is an auto – immune disease that mainly affects young people. The exact causes of the disease are not yet known, but genetic and environmental factors are cited as the main factors in the onset and progression of Multiple sclerosis. In MS a person’s own immune system attacks its central nerve cells and destroys the myelin sheath around nerve fibers. As a result, this damage to the central nervous system causes symptoms such as decreased vision, weakness, memory impairment, balance problems, numbness.
MS, described in 1868 by a French neurologist named Jean – Martin Charcot.
In addition to speeding up the transmission of nerve messages, myelin is also responsible for maintaining nerve cells. This damage can impair the ability of the parts of the nervous system that are responsible for communication to cause many physical signs and symptoms.
MS manifests in several forms, and its new symptoms occur either as recurrent ( reversible ) or over time ( intermittently ).
MS is usually diagnosed based on the signs and symptoms and the results of medical tests. Previously, there was no specific treatment for inflammation until Canadian researchers were able to treat it.
Existing treatments are performed to improve the body’s function after each attack and to prevent new attacks.
Symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of MS, which occurs in about 80% of patients. Fatigue greatly affects a person’s ability to perform daily tasks at home and at work. And it may be the most prominent sign of illness in a person who has no other activity restrictions.
Numbness of the face, body, or limbs (arms and legs) is one of the most common symptoms of MS. And it is often the first symptom. Gait problems are one of the most common movement limitations in patients with MS.
Bladder dysfunction occurs in at least 80% of patients with MS.
Vision problems are the first sign of the disease in many patients. Sudden onset of diplopia, eye pain, or severe blurring is very worrying.
Dizziness is one of the most common problems in MS patients. These patients feel light – headed and unbalanced, and patients may feel that objects are spinning around their heads.
Pain is also one of the common symptoms of MS.
Cognitive changes are common in people with MS. And is about 50% of patients have some degree of difficulty in this area.
Emotional changes in people with MS in response to the stress of life with a chronic and unpredictable disease and due to immune and neurological changes resulting from the disease. Speech disorders, speech and voice disorders in about 25 to 40% of people with MS
Hearing loss is a common symptom in MS and only about 6% of patients with MS develop hearing loss.
Of course, any people with MS experience some degree of uncontrollable tremor. This tremor may occur in different parts of the body.
At present, although there is no specific treatment for Multiple sclerosis. There are some specific treatments that can reduce symptoms. These treatments are generally classified into the following four categories:
Taking medicine to change the disease process.
Use of steroids to reduce recurrences.
Taking other medications to reduce the symptoms of the disease.
Physio – therapy to minimize the consequences of the disease.
New therapies for stimulating brain cells such as magnet therapy and magnetic stimulation of the brain.
Physio – therapy also can reduce many of the symptoms of this disease and help the patient to recover effectively. These methods can play an effective role in the following cases:
Problems maintaining body balance.
Movement problems of the body.
Choosing the right daily exercises to improve the patient’s condition.
Learning how to save energy.
Learning better ways to move and perform daily activities.
In this case, the patient may start physio – therapy immediately after diagnosis and then follow physio – therapy sessions when necessary. At the first session, the physio – therapist talks to the patient about his or her symptoms. Then the physio – therapist can prescribe appropriate exercises for the patient according to the patient’s condition. And he should teach the patient how to do these exercises at home.
Magnet therapy is a safe and non – invasive treatment that uses magnetic fields for therapeutic purposes. Therefore Magnetic therapy uses magnetic signals to affect damaged cells and stimulate their repair.
Depending on the symptoms in the patient, other treatments prescribed by the doctor can be used to improve these symptoms. Examples of these treatments are:
Anti – spasm drug to reduce muscle spasm
Pain – killers that the patient sometimes needs to take. These medications include specific types of pain – killers that can improve a patient’s neuropathic pain.
Medications that can help treat some urinary problems in people with the disease.
Anti – depressants are sometimes prescribed to patients with depression.
Medications that can help with the problem of sexual intercourse in men.
Home remedies of Multiple sclerosis
Omega – 3 fatty acids: Found in fatty fish, such as salmon and mackerel, as well as nuts and seeds, omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce inflammation. A handful of animal studies suggest omega – 3 may help MS.
Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains: Fruits, vegetables, and also whole grains are rich in fiber often contain high levels of anti – oxidants, offering many health benefits. Some research finds that people who eat a diet rich in these foods report fewer MS symptoms.
Vitamin B12: Some studies suggest people with MS have lower levels of B12, a vitamin found in meat and animal products. Vegans and vegetarians may therefore be more vulnerable to B12 deficiency. However, there is no reason for people with normal levels of B12 to supplement. So your doctor can perform a blood test to check for B12 deficiency.
Vitamin D: People who do not get enough vitamin D may worsen symptoms of MS. So a high vitamin D intake may also reduce the risk of developing the disease.
Based on the results of research published by American researchers it was proved that consuming one table- spoon of saffron per week can help a lot in the treatment of MS. Scientists have succeeded in discovering a substance in saffron that Diseases, especially the treatment of MS and athero – sclerosis, are effective because of the presence of a substance called crocin.