Respiratory allergies

Respiratory allergies have symptoms similar to a cold. Therefore, the exact diagnosis is the responsibility of the doctor. The air around us is full of dust, smoke, plant pollen and other tiny particles such as mold and animal hair, which may increase the risk of respiratory allergies (asthma).

Who gets respiratory allergy?
When the air humidity is high, the conditions for the growth and production of molds and fungi in the air increase. And this is how the number of people suffering from allergies increases. Plant pollen is also one of the main causes of allergies. Sometimes contact with the skin or hair of animals may also cause allergies. Because the body is able to react to the protein on the skin or hair of animals.

What are the factors that increase the severity of respiratory allergies?
Sometimes, some fruits, vegetables and spices aggravate the symptoms of allergies. The severity of allergies varies according to weather conditions. And most of those who suffer from allergies have more problems in hot seasons such as spring and summer when there is a lot of plant pollination. Thick and heavy perfumes, air pollutants, tobacco smoke, chemical fumes may also increase the severity of respiratory allergy symptoms. If the area of the allergy is the lungs and respiratory tracts, the respiratory tracts or the bronchi become inflamed, which means they become narrower and less air passes through. This causes a person to breathe hard and cough and wheeze. This condition is usually more common in children and the elderly.

Causes of respiratory allergies

An allergy occurs when the body’s immune system overreacts to harmless substances such as allergens. Some people experience these problems or in other words respiratory allergies from breathing allergens. This condition is known as allergic asthma. This problem occurs with the swelling of the respiratory passages. Some allergens that cause these conditions include the following:

Animal dander
Insect dust
Tobacco smoke
Air pollutants
Heavy perfumes include: perfume lotions and perfumes and colognes
Chemical fumes
Some allergens that are less persistent in the occurrence of allergies, but can cause a shortness of breath reaction similar to asthma, include the following:

Some kinds of nuts

Respiratory allergy symptoms

There are two types of respiratory allergies. The first type is upper respiratory allergy that affects the nose and sinuses. The second type of lower respiratory allergy, which is another name for asthma, affects the lungs. Some respiratory allergy symptoms are similar to a cold. Therefore, the exact diagnosis is the responsibility of the doctor.

Symptoms of allergies include:

Frequent sneezing that is often more severe in the morning.
runny nose
Itching in the eyes, nose, ears, throat and skin, which can be annoying.
Nasal congestion and dry nasal mucosa
shedding tears
Frequent coughs
Colorless discharge at the back of the pharynx

Three signs of asthma
As mentioned, asthma is a narrowing of the airways. If the respiratory tracts are like the narrow branches of a tree, the higher we go, the branches become narrower. If the airways are not controlled during inflammation and swelling of the airways, they narrow and prevent breathing.

Severe cough
Wheezing during heavy activity or exercise in cold weather, or when a person has a respiratory infection.
Shortness of breath in sleep.


Definitive diagnosis of respiratory allergy is the responsibility of the allergist. Because the initial symptoms of asthma are similar to pulmonary emphysema and bronchitis. As we mentioned, some people have allergy symptoms in certain seasons. But some people are involved with it in all seasons. Therefore, the treatment of these allergies is important.

In general, allergy treatment occurs in three stages:

Staying away from triggers
Symptomatic treatment

Avoiding triggers:
Allergen is actually a substance that causes a strong reaction of the immune system. Allergens are very different and can exist in various substances. Most allergens are sensitized by immunoglobulin A. Therefore, the best way to treat allergies is to stay away from allergens. Therefore, people with allergies should avoid being in polluted environments containing cigarette smoke and plant dust. In case of severe allergy, it is better to avoid using woolen or fluffy carpets and rugs. Although it is possible to prevent the occurrence of symptoms by avoiding allergens to a large extent, sometimes it is impossible to avoid them.

Treatment of symptoms:
Anti – histamines are used for treatment. Anti – histamines are prescribed according to the severity of the allergy and whether it is lower or higher and may be oral or inhaled. In some cases, depending on the diagnosis of the specialist doctor, anti – histamine may be prescribed to the patient by injection.

By roya

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