Treating vitiligo is very important for those who suffer from this disease. This disease usually involves the skin; But it may be seen in all parts of the body where there is pigment. This disease is not contagious and fatal; But due to physical changes and psychological effects on the patient and the people around him, it causes a decrease in self – esteem, isolation and depression in the person. It also reduces the patient’s quality of life. In this disease, melanin producing cells or melanocytes are destroyed. The exact cause of this disease is still unknown, but it seems that genetic factors, the immune system, biochemical and neurological factors, and even environmental factors play a role in its occurrence.
No medicine can stop the process of vitiligo disease or the destruction of pigment cells (melanocytes). But some drugs, used alone in combination or together with light therapy, can help restore part of the skin color. Medicines and light-based therapies are available to help restore skin tone or even lighten skin tone. Although the results are different and unpredictable. If the treatment is successful for some time, the results may not last or new spots may appear.
Causes of vitiligo
Surprisingly, the causes of vitiligo still not well defined; But the researches have determined the following:
An autoimmune complication, a person’s immune system becomes overactive and destroys its own melanocytes.
Imbalance of genetic oxidative stress
A stressful event
Skin damage due to severe sunburn or cuts
Exposure to certain chemicals
Inheritance of family relationship
Symptoms of vitiligo disease
The signs and symptoms of vitiligo are:
The loss of natural skin color in the form of spots and patches that usually appear first on the hands, face (spots on the face) and the areas around the openings of the body and genitals.
Premature graying of hair, eyelashes, eyebrows or beard
loss of natural color of tissues inside the mouth and nose (mucous membranes)
Treatment methods Basically, choosing the type of vitiligo treatment or the treatment of depends on the age, area and amount of skin involved, the prevalence rate of the disease. Doctors usually choose medications and therapies based on light or light therapy to help restore or relieve the natural color of the skin. However, the results of vitiligo improved are not different and predictable. And doctors do not expect definitive treatment.
The patient can apply this cream on white spots. These creams help the white spots blend with other areas of the skin to create an even appearance. These creams are waterproof and the patient can use it anywhere on the body. They last up to four days on the body and 12 to 18 hours on the face. You can also use this cream, which can contain sunscreen with high SPF.
Phototherapy means the use of ultraviolet rays (UV) to treat skin complications. The different types of this treatment method are:
Using ultraviolet B with broad band or narrow band (311 nm) for the whole body or locally
Use of excimer laser (308 nm) or targeted ultraviolet B for small spots .
Sunburn is a serious risk for Pacey. The patient should protect and avoid the sun. When each person is exposed to sunlight, the skin produces a pigment called melanin to protect it from UV rays (UV). But if a person has a piss, there is not enough melanin in his skin, so the skin will not be safe from sunlight. The sunscreen with a SPF factor should always be used to protect the skin from sunburn and prolonged damage.
If the skin is not exposed to the sun, there is a risk of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D is also essential for keeping bones and teeth healthy. Sunlight is the main source of vitamin D. Although it is also found in some foods, such as fish. It may be difficult to get enough vitamin D from food and sunlight alone. Therefore, the patient should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 mg of vitamin D.
Drinking chamomile tea once a day can help control the disease.